NEGEM is an European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under Grant Agreement started on 1st June 2020, lasting until 31st May 20...
To decrease atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases, Carbon dioxide removal (CDR) must be the physical, permanent, and net removal of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere.
The term “CDR” is used to refer to a variety of activities – not all of which lead to permanent storage of atmospheric CO2 – including direct air capture and storage (DACCS), biomass with carbon capture and storage (bioCCS) forest management, biochar, enhanced weathering, and carbon farming, each of which has advantages, trade-offs, and uncertainties.
The three key components of any CDR activity are the carbon source, which must be atmospheric, the carbon sink, which must be monitorable and permanent, and the associated system and supply chains, whose emissions and impacts must be fully evaluated.
While rapid minimisation of emissions is the most important and urgent action required for preventing catastrophic climatic changes, reaching and maintaining net-zero will also require removing greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. According to the latest report of the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, CDR is a necessary part of limiting global warming. Its three sequential roles are to help rapid massive-scale reductions to reach net-zero faster, to maintain net-zero by compensating for residual emissions, and to remove historical emissions.
Most forms of proposed CDR are new technologies that do not exist at scale and their rapid deployment will require substantial political will. However, removing CO₂ from the atmosphere is resource-intensive, typically much more so than emission reductions, and subject to uncertainties around net impact, timing of the climate benefit, and potential side-effects. Therefore, it is fundamental that policy on CDR is grounded in honest and transparent scientific dialogue that respects the differences between CDR activities and their respective risks.
Our work on carbon dioxide removal focuses on building a foundation of scientifically grounded definitions, guardrails, and accounting principles to support effective CDR scale-up which amplifies, rather than dilutes, climate action.
Bellona welcomes the opportunity to provide input on removal activities under the Article 6.4 mechanism. We look forward to further opportunities for external stakeholders to engage with the work of the SBSTA and the Supervisory Board.
Negative Emission Technologies and Practices (NETPs) aim to reduce the amount of CO₂ present in the atmosphere. However, the varying system complexity NETPs presents a challenge for accurate evaluation of net climate impact.
Bellona welcomes the EU’s recognition of the importance of carbon dioxide removals in its recently drafted proposal for a Carbon Removal Certification Framework (CRCF). However, the initial draft of this proposal is not aligned with the physical reality of carbon removals.
The report summarises the general role of CDR in climate action, provides a general assessment of various processes relevant to the removal of CO₂ from the atmosphere, and indicates the potential of CDR deployment in the Amsterdam area in 2030 and 2050.
The Bellona Foundation welcomes the call for evidence on the Critical Raw Materials Act (CRMA) and the opportunity to provide information and recommendations on how to ensure the supply of critical raw materials (CRMs) while addressing the potential for adverse social and environmental impacts.
This briefing lays out the current political context of CDR, particularly related to its inclusion in voluntary carbon markets and the upcoming Carbon Removal Certification Mechanism.
This Policy Brief paper explores three broad approaches to recognising and managing permanence in the context of carbon removal certifications.
We have defined 121 solutions that our experts believe will be important to cut emissions, and reaching the 2050-targets of the Paris Agreement. These solutions are divided into seven categories, and all of them depend on five fundamental requirements that have to be in place to cut emissions all over the world.
Regulations on Non Road Mobile Machinery (NRMM) are currently under revision by the European Commission and the European Parliament due to covid-19 crisis. In our Position Paper "All that the NRMM Regulation isn't and what it could be" we highlight how the development of new technologies for construction machinery opens up an opportunity for the EU to take the lead in the innovation of the sector. If only the EU would be willing to take the leadership.
To achieve the target of net-zero emissions by 2050 it is no longer enough to simply reduce emissions, we will also have to physically remove CO2 from...
With this report we want to stress and demonstrate that the fossil carbon embedded within plastics needs to be traced from the extraction of the fossil carbon to its emission into the atmosphere.
Climate change is happening. Human activity has caused and continues to contribute to towards it; the current and projected severity of its impacts ha...
On 24 June 2016 the United Kingdom voted 52% to 48% in a referendum to leave the European Union. Many resources are now likely to be diverted from running the EU and progressing important policies toward instead managing and negotiating the referendum implications. While many uncertainties and questions remain to be addressed, one thing remains certain: Bellona has championed environmental and climate protection in Europe from outside EU membership for over 20 years and will continue to do so. While domestic implications for the UK remain unclear, NGOs’ voices in Europe will continue to be heard.
Sunday, 3 December 12:00 – 12:45: Bursting Barriers for Solution Stories 13:00 – 13:45: The Environmental Justice Stor...
Today the European Parliament voted in plenary on a variety of crucial climate files, including the Carbon Removal Certification Framework (CRCF) and the Net Zero Industry Act (NZIA). These votes send strong signals on the need for coherent climate policy which supports and manages the deployment of Carbon Dioxide Removal and Carbon Capture and Storage in an environmentally robust way.
We’re excited to share that we will be present at COP28! The Bellona Foundation will be hosting the Storytelling for Action Pavilion in the Blue Zone alongside BAFTA albert, Futerra and Think-Film Impact Production.
While Carbon Dioxide Removal is an unavoidable component of net-zero, the IPCC is clear in saying that the short-term role of CDR is to supplement emission reductions, to only counterbalance residual emissions and to eventually be net-negative at a global level. The units issued from this certification framework must keep these considerations in mind.
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